Although America was in a deep economic recession, the store soon acquired a respected name and flourished with its quality merchandise imported from Europe, India and the Orient. In , a new partner, J. The first of the Tiffany ‘Blue Book’ catalogs appeared in and with it the first indications of silver merchandise carried; a small range of personal items and all, almost certainly, imported. The firm expanded to larger quarters at Broadway in , the move enabled a significant increase in the retailing of silver and jewelry. It is here that American made silver finally took its place alongside the Tiffany name. The goods were made mostly by New York City silversmiths and often bore their maker’s marks, as well as the Tiffany retailer’s mark. Deciding that they wanted more control, they contracted with the firm of John C.
Exploring the World of Gold Hallmarks
Shapes of Leaded Glass Shades Cone Lower border with irregular shaped lines such as dragonflies or flowers were typically globe shaped Upper and lower borders with irregular shaped lines Glass, Base and Stem Characteristics The unique glass used in antique Tiffany leaded glass shades often help with the identification of an original lamp.
All of the glass used in Tiffany lamps was made at the Tiffany factory. Many of the earlier lampshades were made with the left over pieces of glass from the production of Tiffany’s glass windows. Other glass pieces for the lampshades were poured and then cut into shapes. Extremely delicate lines surround each piece of cut glass.
Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks Antique Minton Marks Dating Minton Porcelain and Pottery using antique Minton Marks Minton from and during its nearly two hundred year history, has been a very important Stoke firm that has traded under various styles. After Herbert Mintons death in the Minton name continued as the Company name but no Minton family member has been connected with the firm since. Minton, Poulson and Pounall c Minton Poulson and Co c Minton and Poulson c Thomas Minton and Sons c Thomas Minton and Son c Herbert Minton and Co c Minton and Hollins c Before pattern number is preceded by No.
Several variations of Minton Marks incorporate the initial M. Sometimes with year cypher.
manufacturers’ labels & marks (T to Z)
We have two aims: The association carries out its activity on the internet within this website http: Its objectives are to host articles supplied by members on matters of common interest, to report links to websites related to silver and its hallmarks and to devote some pages to illustrate the most interesting pieces owned by our members Photos and a brief description will be sufficient.
At the time that this pitcher was made, Tiffany & Co. was growing as a silver company. In , Tiffany began to use English Sterling standard (92 percent pure) and was the first American firm to.
The most encountered hallmark on jewelry is undoubtedly the “purity” mark which indicates the total amount of gold or silver used to manufacture a coveted jewel. Although the study of hallmarks serves as a wonderful research avocation to many involved in the antiques trade, a trained professional can, and should, put such a desired object in the proper time frame without the presence of such marks.
Contemporary jewelry historians use hallmarks for research purposes but these hallmarks were never intended to make the life of appraisers easier. Rather, they were an early type of consumer protection. King Hiero II of Syracuse gave Archimedes the assignment to investigate the purity of a newly commissioned golden wreath, believing silver was added to the gold content.
The famous story ends with Archimedes running through the streets shouting “eureka, eureka” after he found a means to expose the deceit while he sat in a bath tub. Although the technicalities in this legendary story are most likely based on myth, it does give an early account of fraud with precious metals. The German Crown in a sun hallmark. Image courtesy of the Hallmark Research Institute Since pre-Roman times gold and silver have been used as currency or as the counter deposit for money and one can imagine that a not so scrupulous person, with little fear of severe punishments, would find a means to tamper with the precious metal.
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We are fortunate enough to have obtained a handful of old catalogs and internal documents pertaining to the hallmarksused by the Georg Jensen Silversmithy. The different hallmarks have been used during different period of time, and combined with our knowledge of silver content and the years of which the designers were active all combines to help us determine the age of an item. Some of the documents we have included to the side and below. Silver Content Under the Danish Hallmarking Act of , the content standard for all silver was set at parts out of 1, , which is slightly lower than the standard for sterling which is
NEW AND VINTAGE COSTUME JEWELRY DESIGNERS, MARKS, gold and silver filled base metals. The Tiffany Company sold Anson jewelry in their department stores. In October , Anson Inc. declared bankruptcy, emerged from a Chapter 11 reorganization and then was foreclosed on by Fleet (Fleet National Bank & Fleet Credit Corporation) who sold its.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This ‘silver sandwich’ was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom. Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta’s invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition.
Unfortunately, Brugnatelli’s inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years. Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By , scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli’s for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating. Wright’s associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in
Silver – Silverplate – Cups & Goblets
Tweet Whether you want to buy or to sell jewelry or watches, the first step in figuring out value is to identify what it is, when and where it was made, and by whom. A maker’s mark can help but if jewelry has hallmarks, this process is almost foolproof. Pinpointing maker and metal content is often pretty easy. A hallmark is a separate stamp made by an assay office — in countries that have an assay office. London hallmarks date the brooch to , the rest to Although reputable firms mark their jewelry, registering marks is not required.
Dating to the first era of Tiffany & Co. silver production, this resplendent footed centerpiece boasts the exquisitely refined blooms of the Chrysanthemum pattern. Highlighting the form is a gilt wash interior that adds a layer of refinement to this already impressive work of American silver.
The pattern is truly beautiful, it extends right down the back of the spoon bowls as well. M, the M indicates these are early pieces the pattern was produced from This must be one of the most beautiful example of hallmarks, with the design wrapping over and through the hallmarks. Each individual spoon weighs grams, certainly the heaviest tablespoons we have encountered the very best quality English tablespoons can reach grammes.
Indian Chrysanthemum has been described as “one of the most magnificent and celebrated sterling silver designs of the 19th century. Chrysanthemum represents one of the last great designs of the Victorian period” – www. Grosjean joined the Tiffany firm as the Superintendent of Silverwa
ChineseArgent: All Silver: Art, Antiques, Hallmark & Articles
If jewelry has hallmarks and they appear authentic, identifying its value is a whole lot easier. But many countries — including the U. How does a budding collector begin to unravel this puzzle? Europe, 19th to 21st Centuries , due out in its second printing this month. Yes, especially in the U.
Research for Antiques & Collectibles. Includes a complete dictionary of makers marks or hallmarks and updated price guides with millions of auction records. Identify, authenticate and appraise antiques & collectibles using our easy visual research tools. Constantly updated .
Sold by the Moonans in Mrs Moonan also designed a line of children’s jewelry called Wendy Jewelry, after her daughter. At least – Listed in a state of RI factory inspection report. Automatic Gold Chain Co. Cellini all capital letters in block print — first used in Three pronged candelabrum with the initials JA.
Photo courtesy Julie Lavine.
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How to Identify a Real Tiffany Lamp Ted Stiffel illuminated the functional world of lighting by designing lamps following the art deco and minimalist aesthetics of his day. Up until he formed his Chicago-based company in , most lamps — except those made by Tiffany — lacked any attractive appeal. Once Stiffel introduced artistic qualities to lamp designs, many companies copied him to create similar, but cheaper, lamps.
Tiffany Silver Marks & Dates ~ Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers’ Marks. Visit “Lds dating ysa” “Georg Jensen Silver Marks – Encyclopedia of Silver Marks ” See more. from Pinterest. Antique Glassware Antique China Dishes Antiques Online Pottery Marks Antique Pottery Makers Mark Vintage China Milk Glass Ceramics.
Symbols on Precious Metals and what they mean British Hallmarks and maker’s marks on Sterling Silver Silver marks are usually shown in groups of anywhere from two to as many as six. Some of these symbols are for Taxation or Duty Collection purposes. Precious metals were regarded as part of the National Treasure or Federal Reserve of many countries and authorities devised copious methods of assessing its value and also constantly monitored the overall quantities available within the national borders at any given time, whether in the form of raw silver ingots or silver items and jewelry.
Most countries stopped regulating silver in Part of the reason was that silver could be easily converted to currency or be used as a valuable bargaining or bartering resource in trading with other nations, including allies and those who had other commodities to exchange that would be vital at times of war or crisis. For example, many countries rich in silver exchanged it for Chromium or other related materials used in making weaponry and dynamite.
In fact, many countries, including the US, changed the standards of how much content of pure silver is allowed to be contained even on decorative or utilitarian items so that it can quickly be converted to currency without much chemical processing. The silver content of most items from that period was of the same proportions as in the recipe used in making actual currency coins by the US National Mint. American coin silver presentation mug with marks – ca s These protectionist practices for silver and of course gold or other precious metals around the world, especially in Europe and America, resulted in silver antiques having many marks, most of which are Duty marks, and only one or two are those of the silversmith or company that made them.
Countries most notorious for requiring precious metals to be signed in this manner include Great Britain, France, Germany, most Scandinavian countries and others.
Royal Worcester factory marks
Later ventures evolved into Jewelry and Pewter. Additionally, some silver plate products were produced by Stieff and the later Kirk-Stieff. This site is the most complete and accurate record of The Stieff Company that you will find anywhere. The Stieff family has provided invaluable information, records and family documents so that the story of The Stieff Company can be told.
This site attracts two type of viewers. First, those who want to identify a silver pattern
The other mark appears is a whiteware mark for Heinrich & Co. of Selb, Bavaria, Germany, and was used (Source: Marks on German, Bohemian, and Austrian Porcelain, by Rontgen, page ). The etched gold pattern by Pickard appears to be the one called Floral Scroll.
Their hallmark methodology is sequential and comprised of 3 components with a prescribed arrangement, generally aligned as in the example. To better understand each component of the Egyptian hallmark the following is provided This is the fineness hallmark that identifies the purity of precious metal, in Arabic, as tested by the Egyptian Assay Office. Above the fineness is the abriviation, in Arabic, for the Cairo Assay Office where the item was hallmarked.
The center hallmark shows the lotus flower, which Egypt uses as their country hallmark for silver from to date. Prior to the lotus, a cat was used from If gold this hallmark’s core image would be the Larus Gull, a stork like image The final mark on the right is the year-date hallmark. Each year a new letter in the Arabic alphabet is assigned to represent that year. The letter indicates when these hallmark was struck on the item.
In this example the letter is the Arabic letter for ‘h’ used from Look for more information in the HRI’s publication Volume II has the most complete date letter mark chart found anywhere. Czechoslovakia Silver Hallmark The triangular shape of this hallmark is unique and identifiable for the region. The number 4 indicates the item is constructed of the fourth silver standard of this period – silver.
For more information, consult page 70 of World Hallmarks – Vol.
ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER
We hope you find it helpful in your quest to find authentic Tiffany jewelry! This thread is geared toward identifying the difference between real and fake “Return to Tiffany” pieces. These items seem to be the most popular request of all Tiffany jewelry. We cannot vouch for its authenticity.
Tiffany Silver Marks & Dates ~ Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers’ Marks Find this Pin and more on Silver marks by roxmary See more K.a.r.d English 50th Antiques Store Tips Newcastle Antique silver Dating. newcastle silver hallmarks Find this Pin and more on Silver marks by roxmary See more.
Although jewelry is sometimes seen with a much later inscription, that is not the norm. Rings from the early s that are not dated may also have features to help identify them. Stones in that period were often set in a close-backed mounting, and sometimes foiled as well. Stones in the rings could also be set in a silver head with a karat gold band and rose cut diamonds, all typical of this time period.
Hair and memorial rings were worn by both men and women. The crystal is a faceted octagon with a tiny layer of hair under the bottom and a dash of rose pink coloring. The diamond is set in a pinched silver collet rim and the scale design wraps around the entire ring. The diamond is 3. The color is a foil backed light brown and it has a tiny broken edge visible only under magnification. Circa , the the two larger diamonds are set in pinched collet rims. The setting also has has three leaves in gold on each side of the center cabochon.